Aug. Insgesamt gibt es 26 kleine Länder auf der ganzen Welt. Sechs davon liegen in Europa. Wir stellen euch die Zwergstaaten vor. Jan. Sie mögen zwar klein sein, haben jedoch so allerhand zu bieten: Hier sind die kleinsten Ländern in Europa im Überblick. In großen Ländern. Offiziell gehören die Åland-Inseln zu Finnland, die Amtssprache ist allerdings Schwedisch und die politischen Parteien sind völlig unabhängig. Mit Führende Unternehmen vertrauen Statista: Diese Seite yebo casino no deposit coupon codes zuletzt am 9. Das südlich von Sizilien und östlich von Tunesien casino 24h Malta wird online casino ohne einzahlung gewinnen einem typisch handball bregenz Klima mit warmen Sommern und milden Wintern verwöhnt. Dann nämlich findet die seit ausgerichtete Tourist Trophy Beste Spielothek in Kankelau finden — das älteste und auch umstrittenste Motorradrennen der Welt, bei dem bereits weit mehr als Fahrer starben. Wer seinen nächsten Urlaub an der italienischen Adriaküste plant, sollte einen Abstecher in die älteste Republik der Welt unbedingt in Erwägung ziehen. Die kleinsten Länder Europas. Bevölkerungsdichte in den EU-Ländern Der prächtige Hafen von Valletta Foto: Bevölkerungsentwicklung von bis gegenüber dem Vorjahr Indien: Was ist heute los in Berlin? Der Zwergstaat ist vor allem für Wintersport-Begeisterte interessant. Höchste Alpenpässe in Österreich. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am Länge der Grenzen von Deutschland zu benachbarten Staaten. Filialen der Aldi-Gruppe in Deutschland bis Letztere gilt als die sonnigste der Kanalinseln, weil sie die südlichste der Inselgruppe ist. Der Zwergstaat ist der fünftkleinste der Erde und befindet sich unweit von Rimini. Die Jobbörse für Berlin und Brandenburg mit November um Neben den angenehmen Temperaturen machen feine Sandstrände, schroffe Felsen und wilde Wanderpfade Jersey zu einem wahren Urlaubsparadies.
The political map of Europe is substantially derived from the re-organisation of Europe following the Napoleonic Wars in The prevalent form of government in Europe is parliamentary democracy , in most cases in the form of Republic ; in , the prevalent form of government was still the Monarchy.
Europe's remaining eleven monarchies  are constitutional. European integration is the process of political, legal, economic and in some cases social and cultural integration of European states as it has been pursued by the powers sponsoring the Council of Europe since the end of World War II The European Union has been the focus of economic integration on the continent since its foundation in More recently, the Eurasian Economic Union has been established as a counterpart comprising former Soviet states.
The list below includes all entities [ clarification needed ] falling even partially under any of the various common definitions of Europe , [ clarification needed ] geographic or political.
Within the above-mentioned states are several de facto independent countries with limited to no international recognition. None of them are members of the UN:.
Several dependencies and similar territories with broad autonomy are also found within or in close proximity to Europe. Svalbard is also included due to its unique status within Norway, although it is not autonomous.
Not included are the three countries of the United Kingdom with devolved powers and the two Autonomous Regions of Portugal , which despite having a unique degree of autonomy, are not largely self-governing in matters other than international affairs.
Areas with little more than a unique tax status, such as Heligoland and the Canary Islands , are also not included for this reason.
It was one of several regions where wealth surpassed its precrisis year-end peak. The richer states tend to be in the West ; some of the Central and Eastern European economies are still emerging from the collapse of the Soviet Union and the breakup of Yugoslavia.
The European Union, a political entity composed of 28 European states, comprises the largest single economic area in the world. This includes ranks according to the CIA: There is huge disparity between many European countries in terms of their income.
Capitalism has been dominant in the Western world since the end of feudalism. Economies were disrupted by World War I but by the beginning of World War II they had recovered and were having to compete with the growing economic strength of the United States.
World War II, again, damaged much of Europe's industries. After World War II the economy of the UK was in a state of ruin,  and continued to suffer relative economic decline in the following decades.
West Germany recovered quickly and had doubled production from pre-war levels by the s. The states which retained a free-market system were given a large amount of aid by the United States under the Marshall Plan.
Until , the European Community was expanded from 6 founding members to The emphasis placed on resurrecting the West German economy led to it overtaking the UK as Europe's largest economy.
With the fall of communism in Central and Eastern Europe in , the post-socialist states began free market reforms: Poland, Hungary, and Slovenia adopted them reasonably quickly, while Ukraine and Russia are still in the process of doing so.
After East and West Germany were reunited in , the economy of West Germany struggled as it had to support and largely rebuild the infrastructure of East Germany.
By the millennium change, the EU dominated the economy of Europe comprising the five largest European economies of the time namely Germany, the United Kingdom, France, Italy, and Spain.
In , 12 of the 15 members of the EU joined the Eurozone replacing their former national currencies by the common euro.
The three who chose to remain outside the Eurozone were: The European Union is now the largest economy in the world. Figures released by Eurostat in confirmed that the Eurozone had gone into recession in In , the population of Europe was estimated to be million million according to the revision of the World Population Prospects  , which is slightly more than one-ninth of the world's population.
A century ago, Europe had nearly a quarter of the world's population. Most of Europe is in a mode of Sub-replacement fertility , which means that each new -born generation is being less populous than the older.
The most densely populated country in Europe and in the world is the microstate of Monaco. Pan and Pfeil count 87 distinct "peoples of Europe", of which 33 form the majority population in at least one sovereign state, while the remaining 54 constitute ethnic minorities.
The average number of children per female of child-bearing age is 1. The UN predicts a steady population decline in Central and Eastern Europe as a result of emigration and low birth rates.
Europe is home to the highest number of migrants of all global regions at Emigration from Europe began [ dubious — discuss ] with Spanish and Portuguese settlers in the 16th century,   and French and English settlers in the 17th century.
Today, large populations of European descent are found on every continent. European ancestry predominates in North America, and to a lesser degree in South America particularly in Uruguay , Argentina , Chile and Brazil , while most of the other Latin American countries also have a considerable population of European origins.
Australia and New Zealand have large European derived populations. Europe has about indigenous languages,  mostly falling within three Indo-European language groups: Romance languages are spoken primarily in south-western Europe as well as in Romania and Moldova , in Eastern Europe.
Kartvelian languages Georgian , Mingrelian , and Svan are spoken primarily in Georgia. Two other language families reside in the North Caucasus termed Northeast Caucasian , most notably including Chechen , Avar , and Lezgin ; and Northwest Caucasian , most notably including Adyghe.
Maltese is the only Semitic language that is official within the EU, while Basque is the only European language isolate. Multilingualism and the protection of regional and minority languages are recognised political goals in Europe today.
The four most populous cities of Europe are Istanbul , Moscow , Paris and London , each have over 10 million residents,  and as such have been described as megacities.
The next largest cities in order of population are Madrid , Barcelona , Saint Petersburg , Rome , Berlin , Milan and Athens , each having over 3 million residents.
When considering the commuter belts or metropolitan areas , within the EU for which comparable data is available London covers the largest population, followed in order by Paris, Madrid, Barcelona, Berlin, the Ruhr area , Rome, Milan, Athens and Warsaw.
The boundaries of Europe were historically understood as those of Christendom or more specifically Latin Christendom , as established or defended throughout the medieval and early modern history of Europe, especially against Islam , as in the Reconquista and the Ottoman wars in Europe.
This shared cultural heritage is combined by overlapping indigenous national cultures and folklores, roughly divided into Slavic , Latin Romance and Germanic , but with several components not part of either of these group notably Greek and Celtic.
Cultural contact and mixtures characterise much of European regional cultures; Kaplan describes Europe as "embracing maximum cultural diversity at minimal geographical distances".
Historically , religion in Europe has been a major influence on European art , culture , philosophy and law. The largest religion in Europe is Christianity , with Among Protestants, the most popular are historically state-supported European denominations such as Lutheranism , Anglicanism and the Reformed faith.
Other Protestant denominations such as historically significant ones like Anabaptists were never supported by any state and thus are not so widespread, as well as these newly arriving from the United States such as Pentecostalism , Adventism , Methodism , Baptists and various Evangelical Protestants ; although Methodism and Baptists both have European origins.
The notion of "Europe" and the " Western World " has been intimately connected with the concept of " Christianity and Christendom "; many even attribute Christianity for being the link that created a unified European identity.
Christianity , including the Roman Catholic Church ,   has played a prominent role in the shaping of Western civilization since at least the 4th century,     and for at least a millennium and a half, Europe has been nearly equivalent to Christian culture , even though the religion was inherited from the Middle East.
Christian culture was the predominant force in western civilization , guiding the course of philosophy , art , and science.
Other religions, including Judaism, Hinduism , and Buddhism are minority religions though Tibetan Buddhism is the majority religion of Russia's Republic of Kalmykia.
The 20th century saw the revival of Neopaganism through movements such as Wicca and Druidry. Europe has become a relatively secular continent, with an increasing number and proportion of irreligious , atheist and agnostic people, who make up about There are a particularly high number of self-described non-religious people in the Czech Republic, Estonia , Sweden, former East Germany, and France.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. A continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
This article is about the continent. For the politico-economic union, see European Union. For other uses, see Europe disambiguation.
List of transcontinental countries and Boundaries between the continents of Earth. Regions of Europe and Core Europe.
Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome. Late Antiquity and Early Middle Ages. Dark Ages historiography and Age of Migrations. Charlemagne's empire in Roland pledges fealty to Charlemagne , Holy Roman Emperor.
Modern era and History of Europe. Geology of Europe and Geological history of Europe. List of sovereign states and dependent territories in Europe , International organizations in Europe , Regions of Europe , and European integration.
List of sovereign states and dependent territories in Europe and Area and population of European countries. It has been suggested that this section be split out into another article titled List of sovereign states and dependent territories in Europe.
List of European countries by population and Ageing of Europe. Ethnic groups in Europe. Genetic history of Europe. Immigration to Europe and European diaspora.
European folklore and European art. List of Europe-related articles and Outline of Europe. Europe portal Geography portal. The population and area figures refer to the entire state, including the de facto independent part Northern Cyprus which is not recognised as a sovereign nation by the vast majority of sovereign nations, nor the UN.
Population and density figures are from the first results of census and are given without the disputed territory of Kosovo.
Population and area details include European portion only: Amsterdam is the official capital, while The Hague is the administrative seat.
However, only the population figure refers to the entire country. The population and area figures include the entire state respectively.
This includes the exclave of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic and the region Nagorno-Karabakh that has declared, and de facto achieved , independence.
Nevertheless, it is not recognised de jure by sovereign states. International recognition , however, is limited. The precision of these figures is compromised by the ambiguous geographical extent of Europe and the lack of references for European portions of transcontinental countries.
Its sovereign status is unclear. Its population is July CIA estimate. Their status as sovereign nations is not recognised by a vast majority of sovereign nations, nor the UN.
Population figures stated as of census and estimates respectively. Its status as a sovereign nation is not recognised by any sovereign nation, nor the UN.
Retrieved 10 September Retrieved 6 March Retrieved April 20, Ancient Greece is often called the cradle of western civilization.
Ideas from literature and science also have their roots in ancient Greece. The Uniqueness of Western Civilization. Indo-European poetry and myth.
The east face of Helicon: Note also that certain countries in Europe, such as France, have territories lying geographically outside Europe , but which are nevertheless considered integral parts of that country.
Archived from the original on 31 October Retrieved 27 December Retrieved 9 June James Rennell, The geographical system of Herodotus examined and explained , Volume 1, Rivington , p.
Genesis and the Jewish antiquities of Flavius Josephus. Die Fragmente , vol. De Gruyter, , fragm. A History, by Norman Davies, p.
Retrieved 23 August Archived from the original on 8 January Archived from the original on 16 October The Oxford Companion to Archaeology.
Archived from the original on 15 June The Rise of Western Power: A Comparative History of Western Civilization. Early Physics and Astronomy: Cambridge University Press , The Battle of Salamis: The Penguin Atlas of Medieval History.
The Empire at Bay. A History of Greek Literature. Cantor , The Medieval World to The Politics of Identity and Security. It is difficult to establish exactly when Islam first appeared in Russia because the lands that Islam penetrated early in its expansion were not part of Russia at the time, but were later incorporated into the expanding Russian Empire.
Islam reached the Caucasus region in the middle of the seventh century as part of the Arab conquest of the Iranian Sassanian Empire.
Spielvogel 1 February The Essential World History. Retrieved 20 January The Byzantine Empire also interacted with the world of Islam to its east and the new European civilization of the west.
Both interactions proved costly and ultimately fatal. These Christian allies did not accept the authority of Byzantium, and the Fourth Crusade that sacked Constantinople and established the so-called Latin Empire that lasted until was a fatal wound from which the empire never recovered until its fall at the hands of the Ottoman Turks in Queller and Madden The Byzantine Empire Revised Edition.
And though the final blow was struck by the Ottoman Turks, it can plausibly be argued that the fatal injury was inflicted by the Latin crusaders in Blood, Valor, Iniquity, Reason, Faith.
City of Man's Desire: A Novel of Constantinople. Magill's Guide to Military History: However, the fifty-seven years of plunder that followed made the Byzantine Empire, even when it retook the capital in , genuinely weak.
Beginning in , the empire was further weakened by a civil war that lasted until When the Ottomans overran their lands and besieged Constantinople in , sheer poverty and weakness were the causes of the capital city's final fall.
Irvin 10 January History of the World Christian Movement: Earliest Christianity To Continuum International Publishing Group. Not only did the fourth crusade further harden the resentments Greek-speaking Christians felt toward the Latin West, but it further weakened the empire of Constantinople, many say fatally so.
After the restoration of Greek imperial rule the city survived as the capital of Byzantium for another two centuries, but it never fully recovered.
Frucht 31 December An Introduction to the People, Lands, and Culture. Although the empire was revived, the events of had so weakened Byzantium that it was no longer a great power.
Later they established themselves in the Anatolian peninsula at the expense of the Byzantine Empire. The Byzantines, however, had been severely weakened by the sack of Constantinople in the Fourth Crusade in and the Western occupation of much of the empire for the next half century.
Expanding America's Global Supremacy. Western Christians, not Muslims, fatally crippled Byzantine power and opened Islam's path into the West.
They fatally wounded Byzantium, which was the main cause of its weakened condition when the Muslim onslaught came. Even on the eve of its final collapse, the precondition for any Western help was submission in Florence.
The course of the Russian history. Archived from the original on 27 April Retrieved 10 June Archived from the original on 7 June France in the Sixteenth Century.
Macmillan Publishers , Archived 9 November at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 1 April Retrieved 3 November The Search for Understanding , pp.
The Civilisation of the Renaissance in Italy translation by S. Penguin History of Europe. The Library of Iberian resources online. Retrieved 13 August A compilation of estimates indicates that Crimean Tartars seized about 1,, Ukrainians, Poles, and Russians from to Controversy in marketing theory: Copernicus to Newton ".
Retrieved 23 June The Philosophy of the Enlightenment. A Chronicle of the French Revolution. The Penguin Atlas of Modern History. Napoleon Bonaparte and the legacy of the French Revolution.
A shortened history of England. History of Trade Unionism. Can the US afford immigration? Retrieved 11 July Archived from the original on 12 May Archives — Fourth of Serbia's Population Dead".
Retrieved 19 January Soviet Production, Employment, and the Defence Burden, — A companion to Russian history. Russia and the Russians: The Age of Extremes: A history of the world, — The Origins of the Second World War.
Retrieved 4 January The Review of Politics. Retrieved 27 October Retrieved 28 May Archived from the original on 9 November Retrieved 16 June Archived from the original on 4 December Save America's Forest Funds.
Archived from the original PDF on 24 June Archived from the original on 26 December Archived from the original on 25 October Retrieved 19 July Archived from the original on 28 January Archived from the original on 20 May Accessed on 18 April A Dictionary of Sociology.
Retrieved 1 January Deregulation and Global Governance. Power and Policy in Liberal Democracies , p. Archived from the original on 30 December Retrieved 28 April The Wall Street Journal.
Retrieved 10 May Archived from the original on 9 May Retrieved 2 June Archived 22 July at the Wayback Machine.
The Revision Population Database". Archived from the original on 7 January Handbuch der europäischen Volksgruppen Archived from the original on 19 May Archived from the original on 11 October Population and Migration in ".
Archived from the original on 9 June BBC News, 8 February Daily Express, 3 January Retrieved 18 August Archived from the original PDF on 6 July Archived from the original on 17 May Retrieved 8 October Military Sovereignty predecessor states.
Ageing Ethnic groups genetic history Immigration Life expectancy Retirement. Retrieved from " https: Lists of countries in Europe Lists by area Lists of countries by geography.
All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from September Views Read Edit View history.
This includes Svalbard and Jan Mayen . This includes Faroe Islands ; 2,, including Greenland. Outline Index Category Portal Maps.